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Colloidal suspensions

We examine the response of a quasi-two-dimensional colloidal suspension to a localized circular driving induced by optical tweezers. This approach allows us to resolve over 3 orders of magnitude in the Péclet number (Pe) and provide a direct observation of a sharp spatial crossover from far- to near-thermal-equilibrium regions of the suspension. In particular, particles migrate from high to low Pe regions and form strongly inhomogeneous steady-state density profiles with an emerging length scale that does not depend on the particle density and is set by Pe≈1. We show that the phenomenological two phase fluid constitutive model is in line with our results. , Physical Review Letters 127 ,  038003 (2021).

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